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Bleeding and margins are one of the most important aspects to control when we have to print a document. Surely you have come across these terms many times but perhaps you don’t know what they mean or how to put them in your designs.    

When we create any type of document to print, be it flyers ,  magazines or posters ; One of the aspects that we have to control are the margins. And, among them, the most important is sangria. Applying them is as simple as configuring your design program and is essential for your document or creativity to be perfect.     

In this post we tell you everything you need to know about indentation and margins for printing. We start by explaining what indentation is , then we tell you what margins are and finally we give you all the keys so that you understand why it is important to respect them .      

What is sangria?

Indentation is a word used in graphic design to refer to the extra margin that we leave in a document that we send to print . Its function is to protect the elements that are part of the design, especially those that are very close to the margins. 

The name of this term comes from the English to bleed , which, effectively, means to bleed. This is because this extension that we add to the file that passes the security and cutting limits serves to guarantee that our work will remain intact after cutting and that it will not have white edges that spoil the design. That is, it is a part that is “sacrificed” to guarantee that the design will be perfect after adjustment.     

When we apply indentation to a document what we are doing is enlarging the design. At Soloimprenta we recommend that you always apply 2mm throughout the document and on all pages.  

To include it, you just have to set the margin size to your program and it will apply it automatically. Generally, in most programs you will find it in the File section andgt; Adjust document. In the selection of general parameters you will only have to locate the bleeding section and enter the amount you need.

What are margins?

The printing margins are those that mark the white space that must be on each side of the page as well as at the top and bottom. They are what define the area that has to be printed on a page.  

In addition to the margin marked by the bleed , when creating a design to be printed, the safety margin and the cutting margin must also be respected . We explain what each of them consists of below:  

  1. Safety margin : It is the one that delimits where the important content begins . Mark the space between the break of the page and the beginning of the design. Everything that is relevant within your design has to be within these lines so that you can ensure that this information is not lost or corrupted. We recommend that it be another 2 mm.   
  2. Cutting margin : It is the one that marks where the product must be cut.  
  3. Indentation margin : It is a line that tells us how far we have to extend the background of the design to prevent the final result from having white margins.  

Why is it important to respect them?

Including and respecting the indentations and margins of your design is essential if you want your print to have a good result. It is important to keep in mind that if you do not include margins, part of your design will most likely be ruined when it is cropped.  

Safety margins and bleeds have been specially designed to prevent printing errors related to incorrect design size . For example, if you don’t include indentation, your poster or flyer may end up with a white border. 

Likewise, if you don’t have margins, your design may overflow the printing surface or be cropped if it goes beyond the cutting surface.  

We remind you that our recommendation is that you always leave 2 mm of indentation and that in the case of images and texts you leave an interior margin of 4 mm (including safety margin and indentation) to avoid unwanted cuts.